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International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture (IJROWA)

Editor-in-Chief: Hossein Pourmoghadas, PhD

Online ISSN: 2251-7715

Print ISSN: 2195-3228

Publishes Quarterly

Guide for Authors

Instructions for Author

Title Page

The title page should include:

  • The name(s) of the author(s)
  • A concise and informative title
  • The affiliation(s) of the author(s), i.e. institution, (department), city, (state), country
  • A clear indication and an active e-mail address of the corresponding author
  • If available, the 16-digit ORCID of the author(s)

Note: The authors may not request any changes in their affiliations, information or order of authors after the final acceptance or publication. Therefore, we highly recommend authors filling the authors ‘information with careful attention.

Main Body

Main Body Divide the main text in headings without numbers: Introduction, Method, Result and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement and References.

The line number and page numbers  should be inserted to the manuscript. This will make it easier for reviewers when referring to specific sections of the manuscript.


Please provide a structured abstract of 150 to 250 words which should be divided into the following sections:

  • Purpose (stating the main purposes and research question)
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusion


Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.

Text Formatting

Manuscripts should be submitted in Word.

  • Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-point Times Roman) for text.
  • Use italics for emphasis.
  • Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages.
  • Do not use field functions.
  • Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
  • Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
  • Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.
  • Save your file in docx format (Word 2007 or higher) or doc format (older Word versions).
  • The Manuscript should be contained line and page number.


Cite references in the text by name and year in parentheses. Some examples:

  • Negotiation research spans many disciplines (Thompson 1990).
  • This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman (1996).
  • This effect has been widely studied (Abbott 1991; Barakat et al. 1995a, b; Kelso and Smith 1998; Medvec et al. 1999, 2000).

Tables and Figures


Do not submit tables and graphs as photograph. Tables should be set within the text. Do not use internal horizontal and vertical rules. Tables should be set within the text and should have a clear and rational structure along with consecutive numerical order. All tables should be numbered (1, 2, 3, etc.). Give enough information in subtitles so that each table is understandable without reference to the text. For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table. Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption. Tables should be with the captions placed above in limited numbers. Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.


Figures/ illustrations should be in high quality art work, within 200-300 dpi.  As similar to Tables, all Figures must be embedded into the text not as separate submitted into the manuscript dashboard. Ensure that figures are clear, labelled, and of a size that can be reproduced legibly in the journal. Following remarks should be applied to the figures:

– Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file.

– Figure captions begin with the term Fig. Figures should be with the captions placed below in limited numbers.

– No punctuation is to be placed at the end of the caption.

– Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.

– Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.

– No Google Earth images are accepted.

– The maps must be original with Cardinal directions as well as Scales logos.

– High quality figs should be sent in jpg or png format.

The figures and tables should be added to main body of manuscript where have been mentioned in the text.

Figures and tables must be cited in consecutive order in the text, e.g., (Fig. 1A–D), (Table 1), (Figs 1C, 2, 3B).

Tables, which should be in a plain format, are numbered and include a definitive title at the top. Table footnotes may be used to define abbreviations, signs or other terminology within the table.

After acceptance, all figures must also be submitted as separate files and editable.

The submitted study area map must be clearly presented according to the following guidelines:

1- Maps of the region or country must be connected to the current map in full color.

2- No Google or satellite maps are accepted

3- Each individual map needs a separate cardinal direction as well as a separate scale logos.

4-Therefore, no longitude and latitude should be covered around the maps. There is also no need to put latitude and longitude around maps.

Author contributions

All authors must accept public responsibility for the substance of the material submitted for publication, according to the IJROWA. Use the following phrase for single authors: The study conceptualization and design, data collection, analysis and interpretation of results, and manuscript writing are all solely the responsibility of the author. Use the following phrase if there are many authors: The authors confirm the study conception and design: X. Author, Y. Author; data collection: Y. Author; analysis and interpretation of results: X. Author, Y. Author. Z. Author; draft manuscript preparation: Y. Author. Z. Author. The results were evaluated by all authors, and the final version of the manuscript was approved.  The contribution of the author(s) to the research effort must adhere to the authorship standards outlined in the IJROWA Authorship Guidelines and as advised by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). All contributors who do not match the authorship requirements should be listed in an ‘Acknowledgements’ section instead.


Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section on the title page. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.


Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.

Reference list

The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.

Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work. Order multi-author publications of the same first author alphabetically with respect to second, third, etc. author. Publications of exactly the same author(s) must be ordered chronologically.

  • Journal article

Gamelin FX, Baquet G, Berthoin S, Thevenet D, Nourry C, Nottin S, Bosquet L (2009) Effect of high intensity intermittent training on heart rate variability in prepubescent children. Eur J Appl Physiol 105:731-738.

  • Book

South J, Blass B (2001) The future of modern genomics. Blackwell, London

  • Book chapter

Brown B, Aaron M (2001) The politics of nature. In: Smith J (ed) The rise of modern genomics, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York, pp 230-257

  • Online document

Cartwright J (2007) Big stars have weather too. IOP Publishing PhysicsWeb. Accessed 26 June 2007

  • Dissertation

Trent JW (1975) Experimental acute renal failure. Dissertation, University of California

Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see


We Strongly recommend that authors should use popular and professional software such as Mendeley, Endnote etc. to correctly and conveniently organize references and citations.

Citing and listing of Web references

No URL, or web are admitted to be mentioned as references. Only the past decade Web of Science or Scopus Journal articles are preferred to be used for study quality and better citations. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list. 

Research Highlights

How to Compose Five Bullet Point Highlights for a Recently Published Scientific Article

To formulate a set of five concise bullet point highlights for a recently published scientific article, one should follow these methodological guidelines:

  1. Thorough Abstract Examination: Begin by carefully examining the article’s abstract, gaining a comprehensive understanding of the study’s objectives, research methodologies, results, and conclusions.
  2. Identification of Key Findings: Discern the study’s principal findings, identifying the research’s most pivotal new insights to the scientific community.
  3. Concise and Specific Articulation: Express each finding as a separate bullet point with precision and conciseness, employing the active voice and present tense for added clarity.
  4. Incorporation of Keywords: Include one or two relevant keywords within each bullet point, enhancing discoverability by search engines.
  5. Character Limit Adherence: Ensure that each bullet point does not exceed 85 characters, including spaces, to maintain brevity and readability.
  6. Meticulous Proofreading: Scrutinise the constructed highlights rigorously to ensure their clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness.

In addition to these fundamental instructions, the following suggestions contribute to the practical construction of highlights for a newly published scientific article:

  • Emphasis on Novelty and Significance: Prioritise the spotlighting of the study’s most novel and consequential findings, likely to captivate the interest of fellow researchers and the general public.
  • Highlighting Implications: Emphasise the implications that the research findings bear on the field, elucidating the practical applications and significance of the research.
  • Clarity and Accessibility: Adopt a clear and accessible writing style that non-experts can easily comprehend, abstaining from using specialised jargon and technical terminology.
  • Objectivity and Data Support: Maintain objectivity and avoid making unsupported claims, ensuring all statements align with the underlying data.

These highlights should exemplify conciseness, specificity, and informativeness, incorporating keywords, underscoring novel findings, and elucidating the potential ramifications of the research. By adhering to these guidelines, one can create highlights that facilitate the dissemination of a newly published scientific article to a broader audience and augment its impact.

Graphical Abstract

To prepare a graphical abstract for a scientific article, please adhere to the following steps:

  1. Identify the key message of your article. What is the most important finding/discovery or takeaway from the research?
  2. Select an appropriate visual format for effectively communicating and conveying your key message. This format may include diagrams, charts, graphs, or a combination of these elements.
  3. Design your graphical abstract to be visually appealing and easily understood. employ clear and concise labels, and avoid using too much text.
  4. Include article citation of the article, and place it at a suitable location (either at the top or bottom of the graphical abstract)

Here are some additional tips for preparing a graphical abstract:

  • Utilise high-quality images and graphics.
  • Maintain a consistent colour scheme.
  • Employ a clear and concise font.
  • Avoid overloading it with excessive text elements.
  • Ensure that the graphical abstract can stand alone and is self-explanatory.
  • Consider incorporating arrows or other symbols to direct the reader’s attention.
  • Carefully proofread the graphical abstract for accuracy and clarity.

Image size: please provide an image with a minimum of 1825 x 1080 pixels (w x h) using a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.

File type: preferred file types are jpg or png.

English Language Editing

For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English you should consider:

  • Asking a colleague who is a native English speaker to review your manuscript for clarity.
  • Visiting the English language tutorial which covers the common mistakes when writing in English.
  • Using a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure that your meaning is clear and identify problems that require your review.
  • Please note that the use of a language editing service is not a requirement for publication in this journal and does not imply or guarantee that the article will be selected for peer review or accepted.

If your manuscript is accepted it will be checked by our copyeditors for spelling and formal style before publication.

Proof reading

The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results, corrected values, title and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the Editor.

After online publication, further changes can only be made in the form of an Erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.

Copyright form

The copyright form must be downloaded, signed by all authors and will be sent to the journal office by Email.  All authors of every manuscript must contribute to composing the manuscript or research and they must sign the copyright & conflict of interest letter. If authors use funding or have any financial sponsorship, they must reveal them in their manuscript. The Journal email address:  [email protected]

Please Download the copyright_and_conflict_of_interest_Form_IJROWA.docx.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. The journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.

Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation is helped by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include*:

  • The manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • The submitted work should be original and should not have been published elsewhere in any form or language (partially or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work. (Please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the concerns about text-recycling (‘self-plagiarism’).
  • A single study should not be split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (i.e. ‘salami-slicing/publishing’).
  • Concurrent or secondary publication is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. Examples include: translations or a manuscript that is intended for a different group of readers.
  • Results should be presented clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation (including image based manipulation). Authors should adhere to discipline-specific rules for acquiring, selecting and processing data.
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (‘plagiarism’). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks (to indicate words taken from another source) are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions secured for material that is copyrighted.

Suggesting / excluding reviewers

Authors are welcome to suggest suitable reviewers and/or request the exclusion of certain individuals when they submit their manuscripts. When suggesting reviewers, authors should make sure they are totally independent and not connected to the work in any way. It is strongly recommended to suggest a mix of reviewers from different countries and different institutions. When suggesting reviewers, the Corresponding Author must provide an institutional email address for each suggested reviewer, or, if this is not possible to include other means of verifying the identity such as a link to a personal homepage, a link to the publication record or a researcher or author ID in the submission letter. Please note that the Journal may not use the suggestions, but suggestions are appreciated and may help facilitate the peer review process.


The primary affiliation for each author should be the institution where the majority of their work was done. If an author has subsequently moved, the current address may additionally be stated. Addresses will not be updated or changed after publication of the article.

Changes to authorship

Authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors at submission. Changes of authorship by adding or deleting authors, and/or changes in Corresponding Author, and/or changes in the sequence of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.

  • Please note that author names will be published exactly as they appear on the accepted submission!

Please make sure that the names of all authors are present and correctly spelled, and that addresses and affiliations are current.

Adding and/or deleting authors at revision stage are generally not permitted, but in some cases it may be warranted. Reasons for adding authors in authorship should be explained. If the correspondence author wants remove any author, this author should request from HIM/HER self email to journal.

Author identification

Authors are recommended to use their ORCID ID when submitting an article for consideration or acquire an ORCID ID via the submission process.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

To ensure objectivity and transparency in research and to ensure that accepted principles of ethical and professional conduct have been followed, authors should include information regarding sources of funding, potential conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial), informed consent if the research involved human participants, and a statement on welfare of animals if the research involved animals.

Authors should include the following statements (if applicable) in a separate section entitled “Compliance with Ethical Standards” when submitting a paper:

  • Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest
  • Research involving Human Participants and/or Animals
  • Informed consent

Please note that standards could vary slightly per journal dependent on their peer review policies (i.e. single or double blind peer review) as well as per journal subject discipline. Before submitting your article check the instructions following this section carefully.

The corresponding author should be prepared to collect documentation of compliance with ethical standards and send if requested during peer review or after publication.

The Editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned guidelines. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned guidelines.

Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest

Authors must disclose all relationships or interests that could have direct or potential influence or impart bias on the work. Although an author may not feel there is any conflict, disclosure of relationships and interests provides a more complete and transparent process, leading to an accurate and objective assessment of the work. Awareness of a real or perceived conflicts of interest is a perspective to which the readers are entitled. This is not meant to imply that a financial relationship with an organization that sponsored the research or compensation received for consultancy work is inappropriate. Examples of potential conflicts of interests that are directly or indirectly related to the research may include but are not limited to the following:

  • Research grants from funding agencies (please give the research funder and the grant number)
  • Honoraria for speaking at symposia
  • Financial support for attending symposia
  • Financial support for educational programs
  • Employment or consultation
  • Support from a project sponsor
  • Position on advisory board or board of directors or other type of management relationships
  • Multiple affiliations
  • Financial relationships, for example equity ownership or investment interest
  • Intellectual property rights (e.g. patents, copyrights and royalties from such rights)
  • Holdings of spouse and/or children that may have financial interest in the work

In addition, interests that go beyond financial interests and compensation (non-financial interests) that may be important to readers should be disclosed. These may include but are not limited to personal relationships or competing interests directly or indirectly tied to this research, or professional interests or personal beliefs that may influence your research.

The corresponding author collects the conflict of interest disclosure forms from all authors. In author collaborations where formal agreements for representation allow it, it is sufficient for the corresponding author to sign the disclosure form on behalf of all authors.

The corresponding author will include a summary statement in the text of the manuscript in a separate section before the reference list, that reflects what is recorded in the potential conflict of interest disclosure form(s).

See below examples of disclosures:

Funding: This study was funded by X (grant number X).

Conflict of Interest: Author A has received research grants from Company A. Author B has received a speaker honorarium from Company X and owns stock in Company Y. Author C is a member of committee Z.

If no conflict exists, the authors should state:

Conflict of Interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Word Count Policy

The authors are advised to consider the below word count standards when submitting their manuscripts in the  International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture (IJROWA).

Short communicationOriginal papersReview paper
Max word count:1500Max word count:5500Max word count: 7500
Including Tables, Figures and References

Online Submission:

All correspondence should submit their manuscripts via ScholarOne Mauscript website. You will receive the Paper ID after the submission. Please read the Author guidelines before submission.

Authors could learn more about submitting via ScholarOne through video tutorials, user guides, and FAQs. Our resources are designed to help you set up accounts, create and track submissions, and get published via ScholarOne Manuscripts.