skip to main content
Original Article

Yield and Growth Performance of Selected Vetch Species Under Rain-fed Conditions at Three Locations of Dessie Zuria District Amhara Region, Ethiopia



This study was designed to investigate adaptation of five vetch species in terms of their growth and yield performance under rain fed conditions at Dessie Zuria district, South Wollo Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. An experimental trial was conducted using a randomized complete block design with four replications on three locations of Gelisha, Teabsite and Adey in 2021. The collected data were analyzed using SAS Software and means comparison was made using the Tukey method. Data were collected for day to seedling emergence, days to maturity, pods number per plant, branches number per plant, plant height, thousand seed weight, grain yield and biomass yield. Results showed significant differences between locations for days to emerge, days to maturity, plant height, 1000 grains weight and grain yield, Significant differences were observed between species for all the traits (P<0.01, 0.05). The species × location interaction effect was significant for days to seedling emerge (P<0.05). For maturity date, Vicia dasycarpa and V. villosa with 143.33 and 176.33 days to maturity were as early and late maturing species, respectively. For branches number per plant, the highest and lowest values of 7.84 and 3.83 were obtained in V. dasycarpa and V. villosa, respectively. The higher number of pods per plant was obtained in V. benghalensis. The highest numbers of seeds per pod and thousand seeds weight were recorded in V. dasycarpa. For plant height, the higher and lower values of 147.57 and 104.25 cm were obtained in V. dasycarpa and V. benghalensis, respectively. The grain yield ranged from 565 and 294 kg/ha. The herbage yield ranged from 17.49 to 31.39 t/ha. In comparison between locations, the higher values of all traits were obtained in Gelisha. Based on yield and growth performance, the species of V. kohak and V. dasycarpa were recommended for cultivation in Dessie Zuria district



Adugna T., 2007. Feed resources for producing export quality meat and livestock in Ethiopia (Examples from selected Woreda in Oromia and SNNP regional states).

Aklilu, M. and Alemayehu, M., 2007. Measurements in pasture and forage cropping system technical manual No. 18. Ethiopian Agricultural Research Institute, Ethiopia.

Alemayehu, M. and Getnet, A., 2012. The evaluation of forage seed production in Ethiopia. In: Getnet A., Mesfin, D., Jean H., Getachew, A., Solomon, M. & Alemayehu, M. (eds). Forage seed research and development in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa. Proceedings of workshop held on 12- 14 May, 2011 at EIAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Alemu, T. 2019. Adaptability of vetch (Vicia spp.) for potential feed production in Gumara- Maksegnit watershed, North Gondar, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 26 (07).

Demirkan, A. K, Nizam, I., Orak, A., Şen, C., Tenikecier1, H.S., Güler, N. and Ersoy. H., 2018. Determination of some morphological characters and forage yield of vetch (Vicia sp) Genotypes collected from Thrace region of Turkey. Int. Jour. Adv. Res., 6(11): 276-283.

Asfaw, S., Shiferaw, B., Simtowe, F. and Haile, M., 2011. Agricultural technology adoption, seed access constraints and commercialization in Ethiopia. Jour. Develop Agric. Eco. 3(9): 436-477.

CSA (Centeral Statistical Agency). 2021. Agricultural Sample Survey 2021/2022. Report on Livestock and Livestock characteristics (Private Peasant Holdings). CSA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 2: 578.

Dessie Zuria Woreda Agricultural Office (DZWAO), 2022. Dessie Zuria Woreda Livestock and Fishery Development Office (DZWLFDO). Ethiopia.

Eshetie A., Berhanu A. and Yeshambel M., 2018. Evaluation of biomass yield and nutritional quality of oats–vetch mixtures at different harvesting stage under residual moisture in Fogera District, Ethiopia. Agric & Food Secure (7): 3-10.

Grela, E.R., Samoli´nska, W., Rybi´nski, W., Kiczorowska, B., Kowalczuk-Vasilev, E., Matras, J., Wesołowska, S., 2021. Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Factors in Vicia sativa L. Seeds and the Variability of Phenotypic and Morphological Characteristics of Some Vetch in European Countries. Jour. Animals 11, (44).

Getnet, A. and Ledin, I., 2001. Effect of variety, soil type and fertilizer on the establishment, growth, forage yield, quality and voluntary intake by cattle of oats and vetches cultivated in pure stands and mixtures, Animal Feed Science and Technology. 92: 95-111.

Gezahagn, K., 2017. Evaluation of vetch species for yield, yield components and herbage quality in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Acad. Res. J. Agri. Sci. Res, 4(6): 264-278.

Gezahagn, K. 2018. Morpho-agronomic performance of vetch species and their accessions grown under nitosol and vertisol conditions in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Journal of Agriculture & Food Security, 7:90: 1-14.

Gezahagn, K., Getnet, A., Mengistu, A. and Fekede, F., 2013. Forage nutritive values of vetch species and their accessions grown under nitosol and vertisol conditions in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 26(1): 1-16.

Gezahagn, K., Fekede F., Hussein M., Getnet A., Mengistu A., Alemayehu M. and Mamaru T., 2019. Yield Performance and Nutritive Value of Vetch Species grown on nitsoil and vertisoil Conditions in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia. OMO International Journal of Science 2 (1): 60-81.

Gezahagn, K., Getnet, A., Fekede, F. and Mengistu, A., 2016. Forage legumes in crop livestock mixed farming systems - A Review. International Journal of Livestock Research, 6 (4):1-18.

Kassahun D. and Wasihun H. 2015. Evaluation of Biomass Yield and Nutritional Value of Different Species of Vetch (Vicia). Academic Journal of Nutrition, 4 (3): 99-105.

Li, R., Chen, L., Wu, Y., Zhang R., Abskin C.C. and Abskin, J.M., 2017. Effects of cultivar and maternal environment on seed quality in Vicia sativa. Front. Plant Sci., 8: 14-11.

Mikić, A., Mihailović, V., Ćupina, B., Vasiljević, S., Milošević, B., Katanski, S., Matić, R., Radojević V. & Kraljević-Ablalić. M. 2013. Agronomic characteristics related to grain yield and crude protein content in common vetch (Vicia sativa) accessions of diverse geographic origin, New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 56(4): 297-308.

Sere, C., Ayantunde, A., Duncan, A., Freeman, A., Herrero, M., Tarawali, S. and Wright, I., 2008. Livestock production and poverty alleviation-challenges and opportunities in arid and semi- arid tropical rangeland absed systems. In: the proceedings of multi-functional grasslands in a changing world. XXI International Grassland Congress and VII International Rangeland Congress, China. Pp. 19-29.

Stanisavljević, R., N. Velijević, R. Štrabnović, D. Postić, G. Aleksić, N. Trkulja, J. Knežević and D. Dodig., 2018. Seed quality of vetch (Vicia sativa) affected by different seed colors and sizes after various storage periods. Int. J. Agric. Bio, 20: 2655‒2660.

Teshale, J., Zinash A. and Genet D., 2020. Performance Evaluation of Vetch of Varieties/Genotypes for Their Agronomic Performance and Nutritive Value in Selected Midland East Guji Zone, Adola, Southern Oromia and Ethiopia. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports, 9(2): 54-59.

Tilahun, G., Asmare B. and Mekuriaw, Y. 2017. Effects of harvesting age and spacing on plant characteristics, chemical composition and yield of Desho grass (Pennisetum pedicellatum Trin.) in the highlands of Ethiopia. Tropical Grasslands, 5(2):77–84.

Usman, S., Tamirat, D., Bedasa, E., 2019. Performance Evaluation of Improved Vetch Varieties/Accessions at the Highland of Guji Zone, Bore, Ethiopia. Agri Res & Tech: Open Access Jour. 20(5): 00221.

Wiering N.P. 2018. Winter hardiness and freezing tolerance in a hairy vetch collection. Crop Science, 58(4):1594–1604.

Zulfiqar A., Shafiq Zahid M. and Abshir, M., 2006. Performance of vetch, Vicia sativa cultivars for fodder production under rain fed conditions of Pothwar region. Jour. Agric. Res. 44(4): 291-297.