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Original Article

Window view in Facade of Notre Dame Cathedral Cases study; Paris, Lyon, Marseille, and Nice of France



The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of windows in the architecture facade of Notre Dame Cathedral in France. One of the important elements of the architectural facade is a window. It is mainly located in the facade of the building and depending on its condition. Window in some cases interferes with the performance and in other cases contributes to the aesthetics of architecture. But given the minimalist architecture of Cathedral churches in urban contexts, the landscape of the windows is more colorful than other functions. The research method is a descriptive survey. So, the statistical samples are four traditional Notre Dame Cathedral churches that have windows with special motifs in the facades. These samples were selected in a targeted manner to examine their windows. Research findings indicate that the windows of Notre Dame Cathedral in France have three important functions due to their place of worship. These three tasks are function, beauty, and identity. These three components are function, beauty, and identity, which due to the religious values in this architecture, the identity role of windows is more prominent than other components. The root of this prominence is in the Christian view of the worship space.

Graphical Abstract