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Steady-state electron trajectories in a free electron laser with ion-channel and axial magnetic field in the presence of self-fields



AbstractA theory of self-fields in a one-dimensional helical wiggler free electron laser with ion-channel guiding and axial magnetic field is presented. The steady-state orbits under the influence of self-field are derived and discussed. The Φ function that determines the rate of change of axial velocity with energy is derived. The numerical results show the effects of self-fields and the two electron-beams guiding devices (ion-channel and axial magnetic field) on the trajectories when used separately and simultaneously. The study shows that new unstable orbits, in the first part of the group I and II orbits, are found. A detailed stability analysis of orbits is presented.